- Local-level census of poverty indicators
- Detailed measurement of many dimensions of poverty
- Identification of households that are poor in each dimension
- Systematic source of data
for local & national governments, NGOs, international institutions, etc.
- to guide use of local budgets and target programs and beneficiaries
- to lobby for new resources
- to monitor impacts of crises and policies
CBMS data helps
- promote evidence-based policymaking
- program design, targeting & implementation
- empower local communities to participate in the process
PEP Network has helped implement CBMS in over 15 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
A coordinating body for the CBMS Network
The CBMS Program Office – based in Manila, the Philippines – was created in 2002 to facilitate development and utilization of CBMS for policymaking and governance.
I. The Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) International Network
The community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network is part of the Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP) Network. Launched in 2002, with support from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC)-Canada and the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the CBMS International Network generally aims to assist its members develop, refine and institutionalize community-based monitoring systems in developing countries, and to promote CBMS knowledge and initiatives internationally. Furthermore, the Network promotes evidence-based policymaking, program design and implementation while empowering local communities to participate in the process. From 2007-2012, in addition to IDRC, Network activities were likewise supported by the Australian Agency
II. Rationale for CBMS Work
CBMS is one of the tools developed in the early 1990s to provide policymakers and program implementers with a good information base for tracking the impacts of macroeconomic reforms and various policy shocks. It is an organized way of collecting information at the local level for use of local government units, national government agencies, non-government organizations, civil society and development partner agencies for planning, program implementation and monitoring.
CBMS attempts to build and strengthen the capacity of planners and program implementers at the national and local levels for an improved and more transparent system of resource allocation and governance. A major objective of CBMS is to assist in poverty reduction. In so doing, there are other corollary benefits achieved like building the capacities of local government units, increasing gender equity, and eliciting early warning signs of crisis.
Due to the growing number of countries that implement and intend to implement the CBMS, a regional coordinating body tasked to facilitate the development and utilization of the CBMS for policymaking and governance was created. This coordinating body is now known as the CBMS International Network Coordinating Team.
III. Core Programme of the CBMS Network
The CBMS Network provides support to researchers in developing countries in partnership with national and/or local stakeholders to develop, pilot-test, and institutionalize a community-based poverty monitoring system. Current priority research themes under the Policy Analysis for Growth and Employment (PAGE)-CBMS research program are:
- Providing Social Protection to the Informal Sector
- Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship
Earlier CBMS research work has also been initiated by the Network in line with the following:
- New CBMS methodologies and instruments
- Composite poverty indicators
- Multidimensional Poverty Analysis through CBMS
- Program and Project impact analysis
- Use of CBMS for Program Targeting
- CBMS for local governance
- Gender responsive budgeting
- Localizing the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
- Support for local government for environmental management using CBMS
- Monitoring impacts of shocks (food and fuel crisis, global financial crisis)
Through a competitive CBMS research grants program managed by the PEP-CBMS Network Office based at AKI-DLSU in Manila, the Network provides funding of up to US$ 50,000 to national or local institutions in developing countries for varying phases of CBMS work. Support provided to CBMS research partners extends to their participation in various PEP-organized capacity-building workshops as well as in international policy fora and conferences, dissemination of country project findings in PEP publications and website, and peer-review of on-going research work.
2. Dissemination and Advocacy
Conferences, workshops and field/study visits
The Network provides support for the dissemination of findings of research partners through the organization of national and international policy conferences, general meetings, and workshops. These activities are deemed vital in disseminating the findings of the research network to its stakeholders and getting feedback, fostering technical collaboration with current research and development partners, and in establishing linkages with new partners.
CBMS policy conferences focus on the dissemination of research findings with regards to emerging development issues and concerns. Earlier conference tackled issues and findings relating to localizing the millennium development goals, improving local governance and accountability, and in scaling up poverty reduction initiatives.
Workshops on the other hand involves interactive lectures, discussions and hands-on training exercises on topics relating to multi-dimensional poverty analysis, panel data analysis and poverty mapping utilizing methodologies and instruments developed under the CBMS Network. These activities are intended to further build capacities of researchers in refining their on-going CBMS work.